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√ Bahan Tenses: Present Perfect Tense

Daftar Isi [Tutup]

    Materi Tenses: Present Perfect Tense  – Present perfect tense dipakai untuk mengekspresikan agresi yang sudah dimulai pada masa lampau dan berhenti di masa kini serta mempunyai pengarh pada masa sekarang. Present perfect tense menekankan pada hasil dari insiden yang terjadi. Pada umumnya present perfect tense juga dipakai untuk membicarakan pengalaman.


    Pola dan rujukan kalimat ekspresi dalam present perfect tense:





























    No.Jenis kalimatPolaContoh Kalimat
    1.AffirmativeSubject + have/has +verb 3 (past participle) + Object.I/You/They/We have gone abroad.


    She/he/it has gone abroad.

    2.NegativeSubject + have/has + not + verb 3 (past participle) + Object.I/You/They/We have not gone abroad yet.


    She/he/it has not gone abroad yet.

    3.InterogativeHave/has+ Subject+ verb 3 (past participle) + Object+ ?Have I/you/they/we gone abroad?


    Has she/he/it gone abroad?


    Pola dan rujukan kalimat nominal dalam present perfect tense:





























    No.Jenis kalimatPolaContoh Kalimat
    1.AffirmativeSubject + have/has + been+ complement.I/You/They/We have been a doctor since a year ago.


    She/he/it has been a doctor since a year ago.

    2.NegativeSubject + have/has + not + been+ complement.I/You/They/We have not been a doctor yet.


    She/he/it has not been a doctor yet.

    3.InterogativeHave/has+ Subject+ been + complement + ?Have I/you/they/we been a doctor since a year ago?


    Has she/he/it been a doctor since a year ago?


    Ekspresi waktu dalam present perfect tense:


    • For

    • Since

    • Already

    • Lately

    • Yet

    • Just

    • Ever

    • Never

    • Recently



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    Berikut ini yaitu rujukan kalimat present perfect tense menurut fungsi/kegunaanya:


    1. Pengalaman


    Kita dapat mendeskripsikan pengalamna kita dengan memakai present perfect tense. Contohnya menyerupai menceritakan hal apa yang pernah dialami dan belum pernah dialami.


    Contoh:

    • They have got pembinaan from the government lately.

    • I have never travelled abroad.

    • I have ever seen a strange plane in the sky.

    • Kenzy has learned English for a year in Australia.


    2. Perubahan


    Kita memakai present perfect tense untuk mendeskripsikan perubahan yang terjadi pada sesuatu dalam kurun waktu tertentu.


    Contoh:

    • My daughter has already grown into a lovely girl.

    • My mother has become more curious about my result of study than before.

    • They have been popular among politicians since they joined the party.

    • Perry has already been aware of her health.


    3. Pencapaian/Penyelesaian pekerjaan


    Kita juga sering memakai present perfect tense untuk menuliskan apa saja yang telah kita capai atau pekerjaan apa saja yang telah kita selesaikan.


    Contoh:

    • Burjo has started business in culinary since 1998.

    • I have finished writing 10 essays in a week.

    • They have practiced traditional dance for two hours.


    4. Akumulasi kejadian/pekerjaan


    Kita dapat memakai present perfect tense untuk membicarakan akumulasi dari pekerjaan atau insiden yang terjadi dalam kurun waktu tertentu. Dengan present perfect tense, ini mengindikasikan bahwa process nya dapat jadi belum simpulan dan akan ada agresi lainnya lagi.


    Contoh:

    • My father has called me three times.

    • We have had four research projects in this semester.

    • Wiwin has talked to her mother for several times about her willingness to study about but her mother has not given any response yet.



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