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√ Bahan Tenses: Simple Past Tense

Daftar Isi [Tutup]

    Materi Tenses: Simple Past Tense – Simple past tense dipakai untuk membicarakan perihal peristiwa/kegiatan yang telah terjadi di masa lampu. Durasi bukanlah fokusnya. Keterangan waktunya yaitu masa lampau. ‘Satu detik yang lalu’ juga termasuk waktu lampau.


    Pola dan referensi kalimat lisan dalam simple past tense:





























    No.Jenis kalimatPolaContoh Kalimat
    1.AffirmativeSubject + Verb 2 + Object.I/You/They/We called the apartment electricity service last week.


    She/he/it called the apartment electricity service last week.

    2.NegativeSubject + did not + Verb 2 +Object.I/You/They/We did not call the apartment electricity service last week.


    She/he/it did not call the apartment electricity service last week.

    3.InterogativeDid+ Subject+ Verb 1+ Object+ ?Did I/You/They/We call the apartment electricity service last week?


    Did She/he/it call the apartment electricity service last week?


    Pola dan referensi kalimat nominal dalam simple present tense:





























    No.Jenis kalimatPolaContoh Kalimat
    1.AffirmativeSubject + was/were + complement.


    Was à I, she, he, it (tunggal)


    Were à they, you, we (jamak)

    You/They/We were employees three years ago.


    I/She/he/it was employees three years ago.

    2.NegativeSubject + was/were + not + complement.You/They/We were not employees three years ago.


    I/She/he/it was not employees three years ago.

    3.InterogativeWas/were + Subject + complement +?Were you/they/we employees three years ago?


    Was I/she/he/it employees three years ago?


    Ekspresi waktu dalam simple present tense


    • …..seconds/minutes/hours/days/months/years ago.

    • Last day/month/year.

    • Yesterday

    • This morning (apabila mengucapkannya sudah di siang atau malam hari sehingga pagi hari dianggap waktu lampau.)

    • In 1998 (apabila waktu yang dimaksud telah berlalu)

    • In May (apabila waktu yang dimaksud telah berlalu)

    • At 2 p.m. (apabila waktu yang dimaksud telah berlalu)



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    Berikut ini yaitu referensi kalimat past continuous tense menurut fungsi/kegunaanya:


    1. Kegiatan/peristiwa di masa lampau.


    Terkadang pembicara tidak memakai keterangan waktu yang spesifik atau tidak menyebutkannya, namun dari bentuk verb yang dipakai kita sanggup mengetahui bahwa apa yang disampaikan sudah terjadi di masa lampau.


    Contoh:

    • I sang Adele’s song in front of many people in my cousin’s birthday party.

    • Sherly forgot to pick up her daughter at school.

    • Last time, Pio sent his regard for you.

    • Yesterday, Kylie and Kim went to a beauty salon together.

    • Did Ari say something when he was here?

    • Our grandparents visited us last week.

    • Mono didn’t take a bath this morning.


    2. Kebiasaan di masa lampau.


    Kalimat simple past tense juga bias dipakai untuk menceritakan perihal kebiasaan kita di masa lampau. Dengan kata lain, kita sering melakukannya dulu, namun kini sudah tidak kita lakukan. Biasanya kalimat tersebut memakai frase “used to.” Atau, untuk memperjelas bahwa yang sedang dibicarakan yaitu kebiasaan di masa lampau, kita sanggup menambahkan klausa sebagai keterangan ibarat “when I was a baby, when they were with us, when my sister was a teenager” dan lain-lain.


    Contoh:


    • I used to play guitar in the evening.

    • They believed in myth when they were young.

    • Did you learn Arabic when you were 4 years old?

    • My father used to workout in the morning.

    • Valdo used to cook porridge for breakfast.



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